Romans Chapter 5

October 18, 2012

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on Romans. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking here

Romans 5:1-21 (NIV)
1 Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. And we rejoice in the hope of the glory of God. 3 Not only so, but we also rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; 4 perseverance, character; and character, hope. 5 And hope does not disappoint us, because God has poured out his love into our hearts by the Holy Spirit, whom he has given us. 6 You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly. 7 Very rarely will anyone die for a righteous man, though for a good man someone might possibly dare to die. 8 But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us. 9 Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him! 10 For if, when we were God’s enemies, we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life! 11 Not only is this so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation. 12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned– 13 for before the law was given, sin was in the world. But sin is not taken into account when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come. 15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many! 16 Again, the gift of God is not like the result of the one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ. 18 Consequently, just as the result of one trespass was condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of righteousness was justification that brings life for all men. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous. 20 The law was added so that the trespass might increase. But where sin increased, grace increased all the more, 21 so that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Romans 5:1-4

Paul starts the chapter by telling us that in Christ we are now at peace with God. There is no sin blocking our relationship with Him. We experience the peace of God while at the same time we still have to deal with the events and pulls of a fallen world on a broken planet.

It is important as we think about these verses and as a foundation to the next four chapters in the book of Romans to consider once again the tension that we live in as Christians that we call the Now and Not Yet. The Kingdom is here, but not fully here. This tension allows for concepts like being already complete in Christ while at the same time being a work in progress. It helps us at some measure to understand that suffering is still a part of the deal until Jesus returns, and that somehow God uses these difficulties to develop our character and teach us that we can trust Him.

Romans 5:5-6

Another picture of the Trinity is presented here.

5 And hope does not disappoint us, because God has poured out his love into our hearts by the Holy Spirit, whom he has given us. 6 You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly.

Romans 5:7-11

While we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Those are amazing words. God sent Jesus Christ to die for us, not because we were good enough, but just because he loved us. Whenever you feel uncertain about God’s love for you, remember that he loved you even before you turned to him. Instead of punishing us with the death we deserve,Christ took our sins upon himself and took our punishment by dying on the cross. Now we can rejoice in God. Through faith in what Jesus did at the cross, we become the children of God.

Romans 5:12-21

This section of scripture is one that theologians spend a lot of time considering. It contains some amazing and exciting promises.

Adam was a representative of created humanity, so is Christ the representative of a new spiritual humanity.

1 Corinthians 15:45-49 (NIV)
45 So it is written: “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit. 46 The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual. 47 The first man was of the dust of the earth, the second man from heaven. 48 As was the earthly man, so are those who are of the earth; and as is the man from heaven, so also are those who are of heaven. 49 And just as we have borne the likeness of the earthly man, so shall we bear the likeness of the man from heaven.

We were all born into Adam’s physical family; the family line that leads to certain death. All of us have reaped the results of Adam’s sin. We have inherited his guilt, the tendency to sin, and God’s punishment for those sins. Because of Jesus, however, we can trade judgment for forgiveness. Christ offers us the opportunity to be born into his spiritual family; the family line that begins with forgiveness and leads to eternal life. If we do nothing, we receive death through Adam; but if we come to God by faith, we receive life through Christ.

1 Corinthians 15:22 (NIV)
22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.

Jesus Christ came into the world, bringing an incredible gift of grace to us. All who receive it, receive life now and forever with God.

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