Romans Chapter 4

October 12, 2012

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on Romans. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking here

Romans 4:1-25 (NIV)
1 What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather, discovered in this matter? 2 If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about–but not before God. 3 What does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.” 4 Now when a man works, his wages are not credited to him as a gift, but as an obligation. 5 However, to the man who does not work but trusts God who justifies the wicked, his faith is credited as righteousness. 6 David says the same thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works: 7 “Blessed are they whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered. 8 Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will never count against him.” 9 Is this blessedness only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised? We have been saying that Abraham’s faith was credited to him as righteousness. 10 Under what circumstances was it credited? Was it after he was circumcised, or before? It was not after, but before! 11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised. So then, he is the father of all who believe but have not been circumcised, in order that righteousness might be credited to them. 12 And he is also the father of the circumcised who not only are circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised. 13 It was not through law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise that he would be heir of the world, but through the righteousness that comes by faith. 14 For if those who live by law are heirs, faith has no value and the promise is worthless, 15 because law brings wrath. And where there is no law there is no transgression. 16 Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace and may be guaranteed to all Abraham’s offspring–not only to those who are of the law but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham. He is the father of us all. 17 As it is written: “I have made you a father of many nations.” He is our father in the sight of God, in whom he believed–the God who gives life to the dead and calls things that are not as though they were. 18 Against all hope, Abraham in hope believed and so became the father of many nations, just as it had been said to him, “So shall your offspring be.” 19 Without weakening in his faith, he faced the fact that his body was as good as dead–since he was about a hundred years old–and that Sarah’s womb was also dead. 20 Yet he did not waver through unbelief regarding the promise of God, but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory to God, 21 being fully persuaded that God had power to do what he had promised. 22 This is why “it was credited to him as righteousness.” 23 The words “it was credited to him” were written not for him alone, 24 but also for us, to whom God will credit righteousness–for us who believe in him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead. 25 He was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification.

Romans 4:1-8

Paul explains that it is faith that justified Abraham and David. Abraham and David, like me and you, were sinners. It was not about what they did or didn’t do to please God. God’s righteousness was credited to them because of who He is and because of their faith in Him.

Acts 13:38-39 (NIV)
38 “Therefore, my brothers, I want you to know that through Jesus the forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you. 39 Through him everyone who believes is justified from everything you could not be justified from by the law of Moses.

Justification, is God’s act of removing the guilt and penalty of sin while at the same time declaring a sinner righteous through Christ’s atoning sacrifice. In justification, righteousness from God is credited to the sinner’s account through faith alone, without works.

Romans 4:9-17

Paul says that this justification is available to everyone, the circumcised and the uncircumcised, because Abraham was counted righteous before he was circumcised. That is why Paul says that Abraham is the father of all those who believe, circumcised and uncircumcised alike. Faith is a universal principle that applies to all of humanity’s relationship with God.

Romans 4:18-24

There is a neat connection between what happens to Abraham and Sarah and the resurrection. When God told Abraham that he and Sarah would have a son, it was a promise that life would spring from the bodies of those who were “dead” as far as childbearing was concerned. Abraham faced this fact—”that his body was as good as dead—since he was about a hundred years old—and that Sarah’s womb was also dead.” But Abraham did not “waver through unbelief.” He believed the promise God had given. And this faith was “credited to him” as that righteousness his actions showed he did not possess.

We also, believe the promise of life springing from death, it is the Good News of Jesus. He died for our sins and was raised for our justification, and as we are “fully persuaded that God had power to do what He had promised (Romans 4:21) there is a righteousness we do not possess credited to our account.

Romans 4:25

When we accept Jesus Christ as our Savior, an exchange takes place. We give him our sins, and he forgives us and makes us right with God.

2 Corinthians 5:21 (NIV)
21 God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

There is nothing we can do to earn this. Only through Christ can we be made right in God’s eyes. What an incredible deal this is for us! It is the best deal in the universe.

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