Romans Chapter 3

September 27, 2012

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on Romans. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking here

Romans 3:1-31 (NIV)
1 What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew, or what value is there in circumcision? 2 Much in every way! First of all, they have been entrusted with the very words of God. 3 What if some did not have faith? Will their lack of faith nullify God’s faithfulness? 4 Not at all! Let God be true, and every man a liar. As it is written: “So that you may be proved right when you speak and prevail when you judge.” 5 But if our unrighteousness brings out God’s righteousness more clearly, what shall we say? That God is unjust in bringing his wrath on us? (I am using a human argument.) 6 Certainly not! If that were so, how could God judge the world? 7 Someone might argue, “If my falsehood enhances God’s truthfulness and so increases his glory, why am I still condemned as a sinner?” 8 Why not say–as we are being slanderously reported as saying and as some claim that we say–“Let us do evil that good may result”? Their condemnation is deserved. 9 What shall we conclude then? Are we any better? Not at all! We have already made the charge that Jews and Gentiles alike are all under sin. 10 As it is written: “There is no one righteous, not even one; 11 there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God. 12 All have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one.” 13 “Their throats are open graves; their tongues practice deceit.” “The poison of vipers is on their lips.” 14 “Their mouths are full of cursing and bitterness.” 15 “Their feet are swift to shed blood; 16 ruin and misery mark their ways, 17 and the way of peace they do not know.” 18 “There is no fear of God before their eyes.” 19 Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be silenced and the whole world held accountable to God. 20 Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin. 21 But now a righteousness from God, apart from law, has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify. 22 This righteousness from God comes through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference, 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. 25 God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood. He did this to demonstrate his justice, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished– 26 he did it to demonstrate his justice at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus. 27 Where, then, is boasting? It is excluded. On what principle? On that of observing the law? No, but on that of faith. 28 For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from observing the law. 29 Is God the God of Jews only? Is he not the God of Gentiles too? Yes, of Gentiles too, 30 since there is only one God, who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through that same faith. 31 Do we, then, nullify the law by this faith? Not at all! Rather, we uphold the law.

Romans 3:1-4

Paul starts this chapter by talking about the great benefits the Jewish nation had. They were entrusted with “the very words of God” in the Old Testament, including the law. They were the race through whom the Messiah came to earth. They were the beneficiaries of the covenants that God made with them. But all of these benefits did not make them better than anyone else, in fact it actually made them more accountable to live up to the standards of God.

Romans 3:5-8

Sometimes people believe that sin is not a big deal. Because God is forgiving and loving He won’t judge. But, God cannot overlook sin. All sinners will have to answer to God for their sin.

Romans 3:10-18

In Romans 3:10-18 Paul quotes Psalm 14, Psalm 53, Ecclesiastes 7, Psalm 5, Psalm 140, Psalm 10, Isaiah 59 and Psalm 36. He uses these references to make his point that humanity, in its sinful condition, is unacceptable by God. God is perfect, we are not. It is not OK to be pretty good. Once you have sinned once you are a sinner and all of us have sinned. The point is that once we realize that we are sinners and lost, we can turn to Christ for salvation as the one who has made a way for us at the cross.

Romans 3:19-31

After three chapters about our sinfulness Paul gives us some good news.
There is a way to be declared not guilty—by trusting Jesus Christ to take away our sins.

Some Bible words for you that express concepts that come up in Romans.

JUSTIFICATION – God’s act of declaring us “not guilty” for our sins, making us “right” with him.

PROPITIATION – The removal of God’s punishment for sin through the perfect sacrifice of Jesus Christ.

REDEMPTION – Jesus Christ has paid the price so we can go free. The price of sin is death; Jesus paid the price.

SANCTIFICATION – Becoming more and more like Jesus Christ through the work of the Holy Spirit.

GLORIFICATION – The ultimate state of the believer after death when he or she becomes like Christ.

Jesus has made a way. Most religions have a series of things that you have to DO in order to be acceptable to God. In Christianity, it is all about what was DONE for you in Christ.

There is nothing that we can do in our own strength and abilities that will make us right with God. It is only by faith.

Ephesians 2:8-10 (NIV)
8 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith–and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God– 9 not by works, so that no one can boast. 10 For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.

It is by grace through faith that we are saved. Why? It eliminates the potential for us to get proud because faith is not a deed we do. It exalts what God has done for us. It lets us see that we cannot keep His law or measure up to His standards in our own strength. It is based on our relationship with God, not on our performance for Him.

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