Romans Chapter 2

September 20, 2012

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on Romans. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking here

Romans 2:1-29 (NIV)
1 You, therefore, have no excuse, you who pass judgment on someone else, for at whatever point you judge the other, you are condemning yourself, because you who pass judgment do the same things. 2 Now we know that God’s judgment against those who do such things is based on truth. 3 So when you, a mere man, pass judgment on them and yet do the same things, do you think you will escape God’s judgment? 4 Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, tolerance and patience, not realizing that God’s kindness leads you toward repentance? 5 But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed. 6 God “will give to each person according to what he has done.” 7 To those who by persistence in doing good seek glory, honor and immortality, he will give eternal life. 8 But for those who are self-seeking and who reject the truth and follow evil, there will be wrath and anger. 9 There will be trouble and distress for every human being who does evil: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile; 10 but glory, honor and peace for everyone who does good: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. 11 For God does not show favoritism. 12 All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law will be judged by the law. 13 For it is not those who hear the law who are righteous in God’s sight, but it is those who obey the law who will be declared righteous. 14 (Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law, 15 since they show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now even defending them.) 16 This will take place on the day when God will judge men’s secrets through Jesus Christ, as my gospel declares. 17 Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and brag about your relationship to God; 18 if you know his will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the law; 19 if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light for those who are in the dark, 20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of infants, because you have in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth–21 you, then, who teach others, do you not teach yourself? You who preach against stealing, do you steal? 22 You who say that people should not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? 23 You who brag about the law, do you dishonor God by breaking the law? 24 As it is written: “God’s name is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.” 25 Circumcision has value if you observe the law, but if you break the law, you have become as though you had not been circumcised. 26 If those who are not circumcised keep the law’s requirements, will they not be regarded as though they were circumcised? 27 The one who is not circumcised physically and yet obeys the law will condemn you who, even though you have the written code and circumcision, are a lawbreaker. 28 A man is not a Jew if he is only one outwardly, nor is circumcision merely outward and physical. 29 No, a man is a Jew if he is one inwardly; and circumcision is circumcision of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the written code. Such a man’s praise is not from men, but from God.

Romans 2:1-4

The church is unfortunately well known for being critical, judgmental and hypocritical. It is not a stellar reputation for the group that is the body of Christ, doing the ministry He has called us to. It is certainly part of our calling and ministry to proclaim the truth of the Word of God, but we often forget grace and mercy in the process. We always need to remember that we are also sinners, saved by grace, but still sinners. We need to be closely looking at our own lives and our own proclivity to sin rather than being consumed by the sins and actions of others. It is the whole plank and speck thing that Jesus taught in Matthew 7:

Matthew 7:1-5 (NIV)
1 “Do not judge, or you too will be judged. 2 For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you. 3 “Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye? 4 How can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when all the time there is a plank in your own eye? 5 You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.

Romans 2:4

This is a great verse. In His amazing kindness, God holds back judgment to give people time to repent, to turn from their sin. Sometimes people mistake this kindness and patience of God as some kind of approval on a wrong way of living. God is just graciously giving us the opportunity to repent and change and learn to live by doing the next right thing.

Romans 2:5-11

Paul says that living by trying to do the next right thing is where we find life now and forever. He is not saying that our doing good is what saves us. He is saying that as we are trying to live our lives in a way that pleases God by learning to do His will instead of our own, out of hearts of gratitude for what He has done at the cross, we experience the now and forever life of God.

Romans 2:12-15

God does not judge people for what they don’t know but for what they do with what they know.

We are such stubborn people who want what we want. We know deep down what the right thing is but we often choose to do something else. Paul is saying that it is not enough to know what it right, you have to do it. When you don’t, that is sin. And we are all guilty. Think about it. We can’t even live up to our own standards. How can we even begin to think that in our own strength we could live up to God’s standards.

Romans 2:17-20

Paul keeps going with the point that we are all guilty before God of sin. We have all gone our own way.

Romans 2:21-27

Paul says that the established religious community of the day had become hypocrites. They held out the law as the standard and yet were guilty of breaking it themselves. It is much easier to tell others how to live than it is to live rightly yourself. In life, our actions need to match our words. We need to live what we say, or at least be attempting to.
I have talked about our need to people a people of integrity at length. What we say we believe and how we live that out need to match. Our words and actions need to be in harmony.

Romans 2:25-29

Being a child of God is not about the externals like circumcision. It is about having our hearts right with God and trying to live to please and honor Him.

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