Luke Chapter 6

July 1, 2010

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of Luke. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

We had an audio glitch during the recording of Luke Chapter 6, but you can watch a short synopsis of Luke Chapter 6 below:

Luke Chapter 6 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

Luke 6:1-49 (NIV)
1 One Sabbath Jesus was going through the grainfields, and his disciples began to pick some heads of grain, rub them in their hands and eat the kernels. 2 Some of the Pharisees asked, “Why are you doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath?” 3 Jesus answered them, “Have you never read what David did when he and his companions were hungry? 4 He entered the house of God, and taking the consecrated bread, he ate what is lawful only for priests to eat. And he also gave some to his companions.” 5 Then Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.” 6 On another Sabbath he went into the synagogue and was teaching, and a man was there whose right hand was shriveled. 7 The Pharisees and the teachers of the law were looking for a reason to accuse Jesus, so they watched him closely to see if he would heal on the Sabbath. 8 But Jesus knew what they were thinking and said to the man with the shriveled hand, “Get up and stand in front of everyone.” So he got up and stood there. 9 Then Jesus said to them, “I ask you, which is lawful on the Sabbath: to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy it?” 10 He looked around at them all, and then said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He did so, and his hand was completely restored. 11 But they were furious and began to discuss with one another what they might do to Jesus. 12 One of those days Jesus went out to a mountainside to pray, and spent the night praying to God. 13 When morning came, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom he also designated apostles: 14 Simon (whom he named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, 15 Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Simon who was called the Zealot, 16 Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor. 17 He went down with them and stood on a level place. A large crowd of his disciples was there and a great number of people from all over Judea, from Jerusalem, and from the coast of Tyre and Sidon, 18 who had come to hear him and to be healed of their diseases. Those troubled by evil spirits were cured, 19 and the people all tried to touch him, because power was coming from him and healing them all. 20 Looking at his disciples, he said: “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the Kingdom of God. 21 Blessed are you who hunger now, for you will be satisfied. Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh. 22 Blessed are you when men hate you, when they exclude you and insult you and reject your name as evil, because of the Son of Man. 23 “Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, because great is your reward in heaven. For that is how their fathers treated the prophets. 24 “But woe to you who are rich, for you have already received your comfort. 25 Woe to you who are well fed now, for you will go hungry. Woe to you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep. 26 Woe to you when all men speak well of you, for that is how their fathers treated the false prophets. 27 “But I tell you who hear me: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28 bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you. 29 If someone strikes you on one cheek, turn to him the other also. If someone takes your cloak, do not stop him from taking your tunic. 30 Give to everyone who asks you, and if anyone takes what belongs to you, do not demand it back. 31 Do to others as you would have them do to you. 32 “If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? Even ‘sinners’ love those who love them. 33 And if you do good to those who are good to you, what credit is that to you? Even ‘sinners’ do that. 34 And if you lend to those from whom you expect repayment, what credit is that to you? Even ‘sinners’ lend to ‘sinners,’ expecting to be repaid in full. 35 But love your enemies, do good to them, and lend to them without expecting to get anything back. Then your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High, because he is kind to the ungrateful and wicked. 36 Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful. 37 “Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. 38 Give, and it will be given to you. A good measure, pressed down, shaken together and running over, will be poured into your lap. For with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.” 39 He also told them this parable: “Can a blind man lead a blind man? Will they not both fall into a pit? 40 A student is not above his teacher, but everyone who is fully trained will be like his teacher. 41 “Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye? 42 How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when you yourself fail to see the plank in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye. 43 “No good tree bears bad fruit, nor does a bad tree bear good fruit. 44 Each tree is recognized by its own fruit. People do not pick figs from thornbushes, or grapes from briers. 45 The good man brings good things out of the good stored up in his heart, and the evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in his heart. For out of the overflow of his heart his mouth speaks. 46 “Why do you call me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ and do not do what I say? 47 I will show you what he is like who comes to me and hears my words and puts them into practice. 48 He is like a man building a house, who dug down deep and laid the foundation on rock. When a flood came, the torrent struck that house but could not shake it, because it was well built. 49 But the one who hears my words and does not put them into practice is like a man who built a house on the ground without a foundation. The moment the torrent struck that house, it collapsed and its destruction was complete.”

At the end of Chapter 5 Jesus gives an illustration of new wine and old wine. He has already clearly demonstrated who He is. Now people would have to choose. Would they choose the old wine, which represented the rules and regulations of the Pharisees, or the new wine which represented the ministry of Jesus. Old wine is better some would say, and yet the problem is that old wine eventually sours, and that is what has happened to the Pharisees. Though they had started with good intentions to somehow preserve Judaism from the influence of the Greeks, over time they had morphed into a hard hearted group that focused on what they hated rather than being focused on the One they loved. Jesus had arrived to usher in the new. What is the reaction of the people? The crowds are impressed but hesitant, the religious leaders, stuck in their pride become hateful, and a small group of people respond in faith.

Luke 6:1-11

In these verses we see just how sour the old wine had become. The Pharisees decide to trap Jesus to violate what they consider as important, the Sabbath laws. They put a man in the synagogue with a withered hand to see what Jesus would do. If Jesus heals the man, the religious leaders can accuse Him of working on the Sabbath. Notice that they have no concern about this man. He is merely a pawn in their plan. Jesus, heals the man and the Pharisees are outraged. This is trap of legalism. It is not about people or about God, it is about following rules and regulations. There is no heart involved, no grace, no mercy. It is cold and uncaring.

The new wine, is not that way. Jesus demonstrates the heart of God for broken people. Jesus, who is the Lord of the Sabbath demonstrated that the religious leaders have it wrong. The Sabbath was to be a blessing to people, not a curse.

Luke 6:12 – 19

The religious leaders rejected Jesus, the crowds still hesitated, but Jesus picks His disciples from a small group of people who had placed their faith in Him. These were not the most educated, or the most sophisticated, but they had seen Jesus for who He is, and they had placed their faith in Him.

Luke 6:20 – 26

What does it look like to be blessed? Jesus challenges everyone with His words. Blessed are the poor. Blessed are the hungry. Blessed are you when people hate you. Woe to you who are rich and well fed. That doesn’t make sense.

To understand what is happening here, we need to realize that the contrast that Jesus is making is not between two sets of circumstances, but to the way that people react to those circumstances. People who know Jesus, and people who don’t will react differently to circumstances. Simply put, believers in Christ realize that the very best that the world has to offer is not enough. True happiness is not determined by circumstance but is found in relationship with the Lord regardless of circumstance. People who don’t know Jesus, believe that happiness is found in good circumstances and yet even if they somehow manage to experience all the world had to offer, they will never truly be happy.

The issue isn’t about being poor or being rich, it is about where you place your focus in life. If Jesus is your focus, you can find life, if what the world offers is your focus, you won’t find life.
The beatitudes cause us to reflect on what our real motivations are in life. What is life really about for me? What is my motivation? What makes me happy or sad? What do I base my decisions on?

Luke 6:27-38

Love is supposed to be the motivator of our lives. The meaning of life is found in loving God and loving others. Giving, not getting is what life is about. The love that Jesus talks about is different from what we are used to. The world kind of runs on reciprocity. You scratch my back and I will scratch yours. This concept impacts all of our lives. And yet the love that Jesus talks about is not governed by reciprocity. It is a love initiated without the consideration of it being returned. That is why Jesus can say love your enemies. We are to love without expecting anything in return. This is not an easy concept to grasp and live by, but it is the way that we experience true life and love.

Luke 6:39 – 49

How do we learn to life this kind of life? We follow the example of Jesus and we try and be examples of what this life in Christ looks like. We examine our lives constantly (not being judgmental and critical of others) to see what areas what areas we need to cooperate with the Holy Spirit in.

To be a good example does not mean that we need to have it all figured out. It does not mean that we need to be perfect. It means that our hearts need to be dedicated to Jesus. We are to live life hearing his words and doing them. We are to live trying to do the next right thing.

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