Luke Chapter 3

June 15, 2010

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of Luke. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking here

or you can watch it below:

Luke Chapter 3 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

Luke 3:1-38 (NIV)
1 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar–when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and Traconitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene– 2 during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the desert. 3 He went into all the country around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 4 As is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet: “A voice of one calling in the desert, ‘Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for him. 5 Every valley shall be filled in, every mountain and hill made low. The crooked roads shall become straight, the rough ways smooth. 6 And all mankind will see God’s salvation.'” 7 John said to the crowds coming out to be baptized by him, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? 8 Produce fruit in keeping with repentance. And do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I tell you that out of these stones God can raise up children for Abraham. 9 The ax is already at the root of the trees, and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire.” 10 “What should we do then?” the crowd asked. 11 John answered, “The man with two tunics should share with him who has none, and the one who has food should do the same.” 12 Tax collectors also came to be baptized. Teacher,” they asked, “what should we do?” 13 “Don’t collect any more than you are required to,” he told them. 14 Then some soldiers asked him, “And what should we do?” He replied, “Don’t extort money and don’t accuse people falsely–be content with your pay.” 15 The people were waiting expectantly and were all wondering in their hearts if John might possibly be the Christ. 16 John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the thongs of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire. 17 His winnowing fork is in his hand to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his barn, but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.” 18 And with many other words John exhorted the people and preached the good news to them. 19 But when John rebuked Herod the tetrarch because of Herodias, his brother’s wife, and all the other evil things he had done, 20 Herod added this to them all: He locked John up in prison. 21 When all the people were being baptized, Jesus was baptized too. And as he was praying, heaven was opened 22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.” 23 Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melki, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 25 the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, 27 the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melki, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, 29 the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, 31 the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon, 33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Kenan, 38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

Luke 3:1-6

Luke includes enough information in this chapter about who was ruling what, that we can put a date to the beginning of John the Baptist’ ministry as being sometime between September of 27 and October of 28.

John’s ministry was a message of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. Baptism was considered an outward picture of an inner change.

Prior to John’s ministry, only Gentiles who wanted to convert to Judaism were required to go through a Baptism, but John now requires this of everyone desiring to follow God, Jew and Gentile alike.

Luke 3:7-20

Brood of vipers, means offspring of vipers. Bad enough to be called a viper, but the belief was that the offspring of a viper actually ate their way out the womb.

It was not enough to just get dunked, they had to demonstrate fruit in keeping with repentance. Let’s talk about this for a moment and apply it to life. When someone repents, it means that they are truly sorry and willing to demonstrate it by changing. Many times, people will say they are sorry, but they don’t want to change, they just want to get over whatever the situation is. If someone has hurt you (in a major way, not in a small issue like leaving the toilet seat up or down) and they say they are sorry and then demand that everything immediately get back to normal because you are supposed to forgive them, they are not really repentant. Someone who is truly sorry for what then have done will understand that it will take time to demonstrate that they have indeed changed and that trust takes time to rebuild.

The Jewish people believed that they were good with God because of their being descendants of Abraham and therefore the chosen people of God. John lets them know that their heritage would not be enough. They needed to repent and change. Throughout Luke ad Acts you will see the question “What shall we do?” as a question about how to be saved.

Luke then records John’s reply to different people. If you had more than you needed, you should help to take care of people who don’t have what they need. If you collected taxes, don’t overtax people, if you were a soldier, don’t use your position to extort money from people.

John even spoke up against Herod for being with Herodius, for which he was put in prison. John will ultimately die for speaking the truth, in many ways foreshadowing the murder of Jesus by the authorities for speaking the truth.

Luke 3:23-38

Luke’s genealogy is different from most in that he starts with the most recent names and works backward. It is also likely that Luke is recording the family line through Mary, while Matthew traces back through Joseph. Luke also makes a significant tie in with his record, he ties the birth of Jesus all the way back to Adam and to God. This is a tie in to the fact that Jesus came to save all people, both Jew and Gentile. Just like in Luke 3:6 where Luke says that “all mankind will see God’s salvation”, Luke demonstrated the universal availability of the Gospel.

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