Luke Chapter 2

June 3, 2010

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of Luke. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

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Luke Chapter 2 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

Luke 2:1-52 (NIV)
1 In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world. 2 (This was the first census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria.) 3 And everyone went to his own town to register. 4 So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David. 5 He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child. 6 While they were there, the time came for the baby to be born, 7 and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. 8 And there were shepherds living out in the fields nearby, keeping watch over their flocks at night. 9 An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. 10 But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid. I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. 11 Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is Christ the Lord. 12 This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger.” 13 Suddenly a great company of the heavenly host appeared with the angel, praising God and saying, 14 “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to men on whom his favor rests.” 15 When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, “Let’s go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.” 16 So they hurried off and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby, who was lying in the manger. 17 When they had seen him, they spread the word concerning what had been told them about this child, 18 and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds said to them. 19 But Mary treasured up all these things and pondered them in her heart. 20 The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things they had heard and seen, which were just as they had been told. 21 On the eighth day, when it was time to circumcise him, he was named Jesus, the name the angel had given him before he had been conceived. 22 When the time of their purification according to the Law of Moses had been completed, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to the Lord”), 24 and to offer a sacrifice in keeping with what is said in the Law of the Lord: “a pair of doves or two young pigeons.” 25 Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon, who was righteous and devout. He was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26 It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 27 Moved by the Spirit, he went into the temple courts. When the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him what the custom of the Law required, 28 Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying: 29 “Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you now dismiss your servant in peace. 30 For my eyes have seen your salvation, 31 which you have prepared in the sight of all people, 32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles and for glory to your people Israel.” 33 The child’s father and mother marveled at what was said about him. 34 Then Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, his mother: “This child is destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against, 35 so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce your own soul too.” 36 There was also a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was very old; she had lived with her husband seven years after her marriage, 37 and then was a widow until she was eighty-four. She never left the temple but worshiped night and day, fasting and praying. 38 Coming up to them at that very moment, she gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were looking forward to the redemption of Jerusalem. 39 When Joseph and Mary had done everything required by the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee to their own town of Nazareth. 40 And the child grew and became strong; he was filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him. 41 Every year his parents went to Jerusalem for the Feast of the Passover. 42 When he was twelve years old, they went up to the Feast, according to the custom. 43 After the Feast was over, while his parents were returning home, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem, but they were unaware of it. 44 Thinking he was in their company, they traveled on for a day. Then they began looking for him among their relatives and friends. 45 When they did not find him, they went back to Jerusalem to look for him. 46 After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. 47 Everyone who heard him was amazed at his understanding and his answers. 48 When his parents saw him, they were astonished. His mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us like this? Your father and I have been anxiously searching for you.” 49 “Why were you searching for me?” he asked. “Didn’t you know I had to be in my Father’s house?” 50 But they did not understand what he was saying to them. 51 Then he went down to Nazareth with them and was obedient to them. But his mother treasured all these things in her heart. 52 And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.

Luke 2:1-2

When was the birth of Jesus? It was not December 25, 0001 or 0000. His birth did not happen in the winter months, which is evidenced by the shepherds being out in the fields at night. This would indicate a warmer time of year so out goes December. The early church had picked the day to override an existing pagan celebration that happened at that time. As far as the year goes, the Jewish Historian Josephus records that Herod died shortly after a lunar eclipse but before a Passover. Astronomers are now able to tell when lunar eclipses actually took place and the only one that fits the bill in this case happened on March 13, 4 BC. So, Herod was alive for long enough after Jesus was born to order all of the children 2 years and younger to be executed. This would put the date of Jesus birth at 5 or 6 BC. So, it is really 2016 or 2017 right now. So much for 2012. Do you feel suddenly older?

Luke 2:3-5

The census was taken for the purpose of taxation. Everyone had to return to their home towns to be counted. So Joseph and Mary headed to Bethlehem.

Luke 2:6-7

While they were in Bethlehem Jesus was born. He was born in a manger, because there was no room in the inn. The inn is probably better translated home. All of Joseph’s family had returned to the family home and it was just to full for Joseph and Mary to give birth in there. The birth probably happened in a cave behind the family home. Still, an incredible way for the King of Kings and Lord of Lords to enter into our world.

Luke 2:8-20

Angels appear to the shepherds and tell them the good news and they go and check it our for themselves. They find Jesus just like the angels told them they would and they begin to spread the word about Him. Evangelism begins!

Luke 2:21

Joseph and Mary name their baby Jesus and have Him circumcised on the eight day.

Luke 2:22-24

He is then presented at the temple (about 33 days later after the time of Mary’s purification was over) according to Jewish tradition, the firstborn males we re to be presented to the Lord at the temple.

Luke 2:25-35

Simeon was waiting for the consolation of Israel (the Messiah to come) and he had been told by the Holy Spirt that he would not die before he saw that happen. Simeon is in the temple when Jesus is brought in to be presented and he recognizes Jesus as the Messiah and Savior for not only Israel but for the Gentiles as well.

Luke 2:36-38

Anna, a prophetess was also there, and she came up to the parents and also said that the child was the redemption of Israel. Messiah had come.

Luke 2:39-40

After taking care of all the requirements of the Jewish Law regarding the birth of their son, Joseph and Mary return home and Jesus grew and became strong, filled with wisdom and the grace of God.

Luke 2:41-52

When Jesus was twelve the family took an eight day trip to Jerusalem to celebrate the Passover. People from the same town would often travel in caravans for safety as they went to Jerusalem. This would explain how they left Jesus behind. I thought He was with you! Kind of like Home Alone. But seriously, who hasn’t left a child behind at the gas station on a trip?

When they realize he is missing they go back and find Him hanging out with the teachers in the temple. They are obviously relieved and upset (we lost the Son of God?), when they find Him. Luke is careful to point out that Jesus was not a rebellious teen (Luke 51 Jesus was obedient to them). From there Jesus continues to grow in favor and stature with God and men.

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