John Chapter 7

March 28, 2010

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of John. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

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John Chapter 7 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

John 7:1-53 (NIV)
1 After this, Jesus went around in Galilee, purposely staying away from Judea because the Jews there were waiting to take his life. 2 But when the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was near, 3 Jesus’ brothers said to him, “You ought to leave here and go to Judea, so that your disciples may see the miracles you do. 4 No one who wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things, show yourself to the world.” 5 For even his own brothers did not believe in him. 6 Therefore Jesus told them, “The right time for me has not yet come; for you any time is right. 7 The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I testify that what it does is evil. 8 You go to the Feast. I am not yet going up to this Feast, because for me the right time has not yet come.” 9 Having said this, he stayed in Galilee. 10 However, after his brothers had left for the Feast, he went also, not publicly, but in secret. 11 Now at the Feast the Jews were watching for him and asking, “Where is that man?” 12 Among the crowds there was widespread whispering about him. Some said, “He is a good man.” Others replied, “No, he deceives the people.” 13 But no one would say anything publicly about him for fear of the Jews. 14 Not until halfway through the Feast did Jesus go up to the temple courts and begin to teach. 15 The Jews were amazed and asked, “How did this man get such learning without having studied?” 16 Jesus answered, “My teaching is not my own. It comes from him who sent me. 17 If anyone chooses to do God’s will, he will find out whether my teaching comes from God or whether I speak on my own. 18 He who speaks on his own does so to gain honor for himself, but he who works for the honor of the one who sent him is a man of truth; there is nothing false about him. 19 Has not Moses given you the law? Yet not one of you keeps the law. Why are you trying to kill me?” 20 “You are demon-possessed,” the crowd answered. “Who is trying to kill you?” 21 Jesus said to them, “I did one miracle, and you are all astonished. 22 Yet, because Moses gave you circumcision (though actually it did not come from Moses, but from the patriarchs), you circumcise a child on the Sabbath. 23 Now if a child can be circumcised on the Sabbath so that the law of Moses may not be broken, why are you angry with me for healing the whole man on the Sabbath? 24 Stop judging by mere appearances, and make a right judgment.” 25 At that point some of the people of Jerusalem began to ask, “Isn’t this the man they are trying to kill? 26 Here he is, speaking publicly, and they are not saying a word to him. Have the authorities really concluded that he is the Christ? 27 But we know where this man is from; when the Christ comes, no one will know where he is from.” 28 Then Jesus, still teaching in the temple courts, cried out, “Yes, you know me, and you know where I am from. I am not here on my own, but he who sent me is true. You do not know him, 29 but I know him because I am from him and he sent me.” 30 At this they tried to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him, because his time had not yet come. 31 Still, many in the crowd put their faith in him. They said, “When the Christ comes, will he do more miraculous signs than this man?” 32 The Pharisees heard the crowd whispering such things about him. Then the chief priests and the Pharisees sent temple guards to arrest him. 33 Jesus said, “I am with you for only a short time, and then I go to the one who sent me. 34 You will look for me, but you will not find me; and where I am, you cannot come.” 35 The Jews said to one another, “Where does this man intend to go that we cannot find him? Will he go where our people live scattered among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks? 36 What did he mean when he said, ‘You will look for me, but you will not find me,’ and ‘Where I am, you cannot come’?” 37 On the last and greatest day of the Feast, Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. 38 Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him.” 39 By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified. 40 On hearing his words, some of the people said, “Surely this man is the Prophet.” 41 Others said, “He is the Christ.” Still others asked, “How can the Christ come from Galilee? 42 Does not the Scripture say that the Christ will come from David’s family and from Bethlehem, the town where David lived?” 43 Thus the people were divided because of Jesus. 44 Some wanted to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him. 45 Finally the temple guards went back to the chief priests and Pharisees, who asked them, “Why didn’t you bring him in?” 46 “No one ever spoke the way this man does,” the guards declared. 47 “You mean he has deceived you also?” the Pharisees retorted. 48 “Has any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him? 49 No! But this mob that knows nothing of the law–there is a curse on them.” 50 Nicodemus, who had gone to Jesus earlier and who was one of their own number, asked, 51 “Does our law condemn anyone without first hearing him to find out what he is doing?” 52 They replied, “Are you from Galilee, too? Look into it, and you will find that a prophet does not come out of Galilee.” 53 Then each went to his own home.

John 7

In the book of Jon one of the main themes is the idea of light and darkness. In these next few chapters the focus is on “light”. This is summarized in verse 24 that says:

“Stop judging by mere appearances, and make a right judgment.”

Those who live in darkness make judgments based on mere appearances, and are unable to “see” what is important and true. When we come to Christ, the “Light of the World” we begin to “see” beyond the surface into the deeper things of life. This light also speaks to morality. A morality that exceeds that of the law keeping Pharisees which takes place at a heart level in those who trust in Christ.

As Jesus has taught and done miracles He has stirred up a lot of different reactions among people.

John 7:1 & 7

One of the reactions is actually hatred. The religious leaders of the day who were charged with teaching God’ word to Israel, were so unsettled that they respond to Him with a murderous rage. They want to kill Him.

John 7:3-5

Another reaction is ridicule. Jesus’ own brothers (perhaps out of jealousy, much like the brothers of Joseph in the Old Testament) rejected the evidence of the things He had done and taunted Him.

John 7:12-13

Another reaction is one of conflict. People begin to argue with each other. Is Jesus good or bad?

Another reaction we see is fear. Even those who are convinced that Jesus was a prophet from God were afraid to take a stand because they knew they would be attacked.

These reaction further demonstrate how far off the Pharisees had taken the people of Israel from the plan and path of God. This was not a community of love and grace and mercy and acceptance. It was a community of hatred, fear, and jealousy.

There is obviously something wrong with an approach to faith in God that ends up being represented by a people who are bitter and fearful.

John 7:14:24

What the religious leaders have actually done is reject God’s authority and made their authority and ideas supreme. They have tried to pass off their laws and ideas as God’s but they missed the main hallmark, love.

John 7:25-36

For all of the leaders hot air, they were ultimately cowards. When Jesus came to the festival and taught He did so publicly. The crowds knew the leaders’ hated Jesus and they wondered why they didn’t act on their convictions. If Jesus really was a heretic, the people wondered why those responsible with teaching them the truth, weren’t stopping Him. Only after hearing the criticism do the Pharisees finally give orders for Jesus to be arrested.

John 7:37-52

Jesus again offers people the words of eternal life. Just as He had to Nicodemus and the woman at the well, Jesus talks of living water and invites them all to drink.

The leaders are so mad that they condemned Jesus, and in doing so, they violate the Law that they claim to uphold, for no man could be judged without a hearing and an opportunity to explain his behavior. We have to be careful that we do not judge merely on appearance. When we fear others and strike out at them in judgment and criticism we are out of touch with the heart of God. Our “light” has actually become darkness and we have not understood the morality of grace that Jesus reveals as the true light.

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