John Chapter 5

March 25, 2010

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of John. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking hereor you can watch it below:

John Chapter 5 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

John 5:1-47 (NIV)
1 Some time later, Jesus went up to Jerusalem for a feast of the Jews. 2 Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate a pool, which in Aramaic is called Bethesda and which is surrounded by five covered colonnades. 3 Here a great number of disabled people used to lie–the blind, the lame, the paralyzed. 45 One who was there had been an invalid for thirty-eight years. 6 When Jesus saw him lying there and learned that he had been in this condition for a long time, he asked him, “Do you want to get well?” 7 “Sir,” the invalid replied, “I have no one to help me into the pool when the water is stirred. While I am trying to get in, someone else goes down ahead of me.” 8 Then Jesus said to him, “Get up! Pick up your mat and walk.” 9 At once the man was cured; he picked up his mat and walked. The day on which this took place was a Sabbath, 10 and so the Jews said to the man who had been healed, “It is the Sabbath; the law forbids you to carry your mat.”11 But he replied, “The man who made me well said to me, ‘Pick up your mat and walk.'” 12 So they asked him, “Who is this fellow who told you to pick it up and walk?” 13 The man who was healed had no idea who it was, for Jesus had slipped away into the crowd that was there. 14 Later Jesus found him at the temple and said to him, “See, you are well again. Stop sinning or something worse may happen to you.” 15 The man went away and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well. 16 So, because Jesus was doing these things on the Sabbath, the Jews persecuted him. 17 Jesus said to them, “My Father is always at his work to this very day, and I, too, am working.” 18 For this reason the Jews tried all the harder to kill him; not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God. 19 Jesus gave them this answer: “I tell you the truth, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does. 20 For the Father loves the Son and shows him all he does. Yes, to your amazement he will show him even greater things than these. 21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom he is pleased to give it. 22 Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted all judgment to the Son, 23 that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father, who sent him. 24 “I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has crossed over from death to life. 25 I tell you the truth, a time is coming and has now come when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God and those who hear will live. 26 For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son to have life in himself. 27 And he has given him authority to judge because he is the Son of Man. 28 “Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice 29 and come out–those who have done good will rise to live, and those who have done evil will rise to be condemned. 30 By myself I can do nothing; I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me. 31 “If I testify about myself, my testimony is not valid. 32 There is another who testifies in my favor, and I know that his testimony about me is valid. 33 “You have sent to John and he has testified to the truth. 34 Not that I accept human testimony; but I mention it that you may be saved. 35 John was a lamp that burned and gave light, and you chose for a time to enjoy his light. 36 “I have testimony weightier than that of John. For the very work that the Father has given me to finish, and which I am doing, testifies that the Father has sent me. 37 And the Father who sent me has himself testified concerning me. You have never heard his voice nor seen his form,38 nor does his word dwell in you, for you do not believe the one he sent. 39 You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are the Scriptures that testify about me, 40 yet you refuse to come to me to have life. 41 “I do not accept praise from men, 42 but I know you. I know that you do not have the love of God in your hearts. 43 I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not accept me; but if someone else comes in his own name, you will accept him. 44 How can you believe if you accept praise from one another, yet make no effort to obtain the praise that comes from the only God? 45 “But do not think I will accuse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses, on whom your hopes are set.46 If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. 47 But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?”

At the end of John 4 there is a miracle recorded for us in which Jesus heals the son of a royal official. Chapter five begins with another miraculous healing, this time of a man who had been an invalid for thirty eight years.

Both of these miracles demonstrate that Jesus is able to back up his claim to be able to bring and restore life. However, the healing of the invalid stirs up the opposition of the religious leaders.

What was the problem? The healing had taken place on the Sabbath. Notice that the religious leaders did not rejoice in the fact that this man who had been an invalid for thirty eight years was up and walking, they were upset because he was carrying his mat on the Sabbath. The man told that the person who had healed him had told him to do so, and they wanted to know who it was. When they find out it was Jesus, they accuse Him of being a lawbreaker.

In response Jesus responds that He and His father were still at work and this brings out a murderous rage among the religious leaders.

John 5:16-18 (NIV)
16 So, because Jesus was doing these things on the Sabbath, the Jews persecuted him. 17 Jesus said to them, “My Father is always at his work to this very day, and I, too, am working.” 18 For this reason the Jews tried all the harder to kill him; not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.

These miracles and the resulting persecution by the religious leaders, lead Jesus to teach about the grace of God and to tell His critics that it is because He and His Father are one that God enables Jesus to offer life to us.

John 5:19-21
This oneness is demonstrated by the fact that the Son can do nothing by Himself.
The miracles that were recorded point to Gods desire to bring life.

John 5:22-24
In these verses, Jesus is expressing the idea that since He and the Father are One, He as authority to judge. This is an expression of His claim of deity. Only God, who gave the Law, is above it.
Jesus is to be honored as God.

John 5:23 (NIV)
23 that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father, who sent him.

Note here the fascinating paradox. The religious leaders have judged Jesus for claiming to be equal with God, and yet, in their very judgment, they are asserting that they are “equal with God” in placing themselves beside Him to act as judges.

John 5:25-29

This life that Jesus brings to us is resurrection life, a new life, a spiritual life, one that we can begin living now even as we wait for the resurrection day in the future.

John 5:30-36

Jesus backs up His claims not only by the testimony of John the Baptist, a recognized prophet, but by the very miracles that have stirred up the controversy.

John 5:37-47

Further proof of who Jesus is, is found in the scriptures. Knowing the Bible does not earn anyone eternal life. What the Bible does is point people to Jesus, where eternal life is found.

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