John Chapter 4

March 24, 2010

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of John. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking hereor you can watch it below:

John Chapter 4 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

John 4:1-54 (NIV)
1 The Pharisees heard that Jesus was gaining and baptizing more disciples than John, 2 although in fact it was not Jesus who baptized, but his disciples. 3 When the Lord learned of this, he left Judea and went back once more to Galilee. 4 Now he had to go through Samaria. 5 So he came to a town in Samaria called Sychar, near the plot of ground Jacob had given to his son Joseph. 6 Jacob’s well was there, and Jesus, tired as he was from the journey, sat down by the well. It was about the sixth hour. 7 When a Samaritan woman came to draw water, Jesus said to her, “Will you give me a drink?” 8 (His disciples had gone into the town to buy food.) 9 The Samaritan woman said to him, “You are a Jew and I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?” (For Jews do not associate with Samaritans.) 10 Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.” 11 “Sir,” the woman said, “you have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where can you get this living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did also his sons and his flocks and herds?” 13 Jesus answered, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, 14 but whoever drinks the water I give him will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” 15 The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water so that I won’t get thirsty and have to keep coming here to draw water.” 16 He told her, “Go, call your husband and come back.” 17 “I have no husband,” she replied. Jesus said to her, “You are right when you say you have no husband. 18 The fact is, you have had five husbands, and the man you now have is not your husband. What you have just said is quite true.” 19 “Sir,” the woman said, “I can see that you are a prophet. 20 Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem.” 21 Jesus declared, “Believe me, woman, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. 22 You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews. 23 Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. 24 God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in spirit and in truth.” 25 The woman said, “I know that Messiah” (called Christ) “is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.”
26 Then Jesus declared, “I who speak to you am he.” 27 Just then his disciples returned and were surprised to find him talking with a woman. But no one asked, “What do you want?” or “Why are you talking with her?” 28 Then, leaving her water jar, the woman went back to the town and said to the people, 29 “Come, see a man who told me everything I ever did. Could this be the Christ?” 30 They came out of the town and made their way toward him. 31 Meanwhile his disciples urged him, “Rabbi, eat something.” 32 But he said to them, “I have food to eat that you know nothing about.” 33 Then his disciples said to each other, “Could someone have brought him food?” 34 “My food,” said Jesus, “is to do the will of him who sent me and to finish his work. 35 Do you not say, ‘Four months more and then the harvest’? I tell you, open your eyes and look at the fields! They are ripe for harvest. 36 Even now the reaper draws his wages, even now he harvests the crop for eternal life, so that the sower and the reaper may be glad together. 37 Thus the saying ‘One sows and another reaps’ is true. 38 I sent you to reap what you have not worked for. Others have done the hard work, and you have reaped the benefits of their labor.” 39 Many of the Samaritans from that town believed in him because of the woman’s testimony, “He told me everything I ever did.” 40 So when the Samaritans came to him, they urged him to stay with them, and he stayed two days. 41 And because of his words many more became believers. 42 They said to the woman, “We no longer believe just because of what you said; now we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this man really is the Savior of the world.” 43 After the two days he left for Galilee. 44 (Now Jesus himself had pointed out that a prophet has no honor in his own country.) 45 When he arrived in Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him. They had seen all that he had done in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, for they also had been there. 46 Once more he visited Cana in Galilee, where he had turned the water into wine. And there was a certain royal official whose son lay sick at Capernaum. 47 When this man heard that Jesus had arrived in Galilee from Judea, he went to him and begged him to come and heal his son, who was close to death. 48 “Unless you people see miraculous signs and wonders,” Jesus told him, “you will never believe.” 49 The royal official said, “Sir, come down before my child dies.” 50 Jesus replied, “You may go. Your son will live.” The man took Jesus at his word and departed. 51 While he was still on the way, his servants met him with the news that his boy was living. 52 When he inquired as to the time when his son got better, they said to him, “The fever left him yesterday at the seventh hour.” 53 Then the father realized that this was the exact time at which Jesus had said to him, “Your son will live.” So he and all his household believed. 54 This was the second miraculous sign that Jesus performed, having come from Judea to Galilee.

So far in our study of John we have been introduced to three different people, John the Baptist, Nathanael, and Nicodemus. Each one represents a different type of reaction when they encounter Jesus. John the Baptist was able to say He must increase and I must decrease. Nathaneal represented the Godly Israelite who responded at the very first evidence that Jesus was the Messiah. Nicodemus, represented the teachers of the Law, who while knowing that what Jesus was doing had to be from God, struggled with their own spiritual blindness on being able to see Jesus for who He was and accept His message of the kingdom. In chapter four we are introduced to the “Samaritan woman” or “the woman at the well”. She represents the people outside of “the chosen people” who put their confidence and trust in Jesus, Israel’s Savior as their own. The theme of these beginning chapters has been all about salvation and grace and how people respond to the One who alone can bring life.

John 4

The Samaritan woman offers a great contrast to Nicodemus and yet there are many similarities in the encounter they have with Jesus. The Samaritan woman came from a group of people who were looked down on by the Israelites as having no claim to their God. Further, it looks like she was also isolated from here own community, as she comes to the well alone to draw water. This was probably because of her life style, currently living with the fifth in a series of men who were not her husband. In the conversation between Jesus and the woman, He brings up some of the same points that he did with Nicodemus.

John 4:7-10

In these verses Jesus once again makes it known that God deals with mankind on the basis of grace. Jesus was willing to give her what she could not earn.

John 4:11-15

As with Nicodemus, the gift that Jesus offers is eternal life.

John 4:39-42

Jesus was and is looking for a response of trust and faith in Him.

While there are similarities there are also some significant differences in the two encounters. To Nicodemus, Jesus stressed that all stand condemned before God. This was something that the religious needed to hear because of their pride and self-righteousness, thinking that they did not need grace because of their adherence to the LAW. The Samaritan woman was well aware of her sin and so Jesus did not deal with her at that level, instead He spoke with her about worshippers, that God is looking for people who will worship Him in Spirit and truth

Why is that so important? Because while Nicodemus needed to see himself as a sinner in order to understand grace, the woman who knew she was a sinner needed to see herself as a person of worth and value. God finds us worthy of His concern in spite of our brokenness. God values us enough to actively seek us, to welcome us to intimacy, and to rejoice in our worship and relationship with Him.

Filed in: Preaching in Shorts
Tagged with:

There are no thankful5(s) or Comments yet. Why not be the first to share your thankful5 or Comment?

Comments are closed.

Back to Top