John Chapter 20

April 29, 2010

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of John. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

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John Chapter 20 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

John 20:1-31 (NIV)
1 Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance. 2 So she came running to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved, and said, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don’t know where they have put him!” 3 So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb. 4 Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5 He bent over and looked in at the strips of linen lying there but did not go in. 6 Then Simon Peter, who was behind him, arrived and went into the tomb. He saw the strips of linen lying there, 7 as well as the burial cloth that had been around Jesus’ head. The cloth was folded up by itself, separate from the linen. 8 Finally the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went inside. He saw and believed. 9 (They still did not understand from Scripture that Jesus had to rise from the dead.) 10 Then the disciples went back to their homes, 11 but Mary stood outside the tomb crying. As she wept, she bent over to look into the tomb 12 and saw two angels in white, seated where Jesus’ body had been, one at the head and the other at the foot. 13 They asked her, “Woman, why are you crying?” “They have taken my Lord away,” she said, “and I don’t know where they have put him.” 14 At this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, but she did not realize that it was Jesus. 15 “Woman,” he said, “why are you crying? Who is it you are looking for?” Thinking he was the gardener, she said, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will get him.” 16 Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher). 17 Jesus said, “Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.'” 18 Mary Magdalene went to the disciples with the news: “I have seen the Lord!” And she told them that he had said these things to her. 19 On the evening of that first day of the week, when the disciples were together, with the doors locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!” 20 After he said this, he showed them his hands and side. The disciples were overjoyed when they saw the Lord. 21 Again Jesus said, “Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you.” 22 And with that he breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit. 23 If you forgive anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven.” 24 Now Thomas (called Didymus), one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came. 25 So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he said to them, “Unless I see the nail marks in his hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe it.” 26 A week later his disciples were in the house again, and Thomas was with them. Though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!” 27 Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe.” 28 Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!” 29 Then Jesus told him, “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.” 30 Jesus did many other miraculous signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. 31 But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.

John 20

During Jesus ministry, as recorded by John, Jesus had taught and spoken often about light and darkness, life and death, grace and law. I want you to remember two of His claims as we look into John 20.

John 11:25 (NIV)
25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies;

John 14:6 (NIV)
6 Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.

In chapter 18 and 19 we have seen how darkness has shown itself in the activities of the people who responded to the cross. The crowd turns against Jesus, His friends had run away, the people who were supposed to be the protectors and defenders of God’s truth, had moved into a murderous rage. We also saw at the end of chapter 19 the light breaking through the darkness even before Jesus death on the cross. We saw His concern for His mother and friend, we saw Him forgive those who had done this to Him, we saw Him minister to a criminal.

And now in Chapter 20 we see the ultimate evidence of who He was and the ultimate proof of all that He had taught. Jesus defeats death and He is resurrected from the dead. His life and ministry revealed the darkness in people’s hearts and His death and resurrection reveals God’s divine grace, mercy, and love.

The Apostle Paul wrote this about the resurrection:

Romans 1:4 (NIV)
4 and who through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord.

John 20:1-9

At first, Mary and Peter and John are not sure what the empty tomb means:

John 20:9 (NIV)
9 (They still did not understand from Scripture that Jesus had to rise from the dead.)

But what happened is about to become clear.

John 20:10-18

Mary encounters Jesus first

John 20:19-23

Later on that same day ten of the disciples (all of them except Thomas see Jesus).

John 20:24- 29

A week after that Thomas encounters Jesus as well.

Thomas statement:

John 20:28 (NIV)
28 Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!”

is extremely significant. Thomas, skeptical, full of doubt, when confronted by the evidence of the resurrection, announces that Jesus is indeed God in the flesh. His statement is his own personal testimony of the truths that John recorded for us back in the first chapter:

John 1:4 (NIV)
4 In him was life, and that life was the light of men.

John 1:14 (NIV)
14 The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.

John 1:14 (NIV)
14 The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.

The resurrection of Jesus is the proof that He has overcome the power of death and darkness.

And now to all of us who believe, based not on our own eyes seeing Him, but on the proofs given by those who did we receive His special blessing:

John 20:29 (NIV)
29 Then Jesus told him, “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”

Because He lives, we also will live forever with Him.

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