John Chapter 2

March 21, 2010

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of John. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking hereor you can watch it below:

John Chapter 2 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

John 2:1-25 (NIV)
1 On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. 3 When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.” 4 “Dear woman, why do you involve me?” Jesus replied. “My time has not yet come.” 5 His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” 6 Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim. 8 Then he told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.” They did so, 9 and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside 10 and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.” 11 This, the first of his miraculous signs, Jesus performed at Cana in Galilee. He thus revealed his glory, and his disciples put their faith in him. 12 After this he went down to Capernaum with his mother and brothers and his disciples. There they stayed for a few days. 13 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 In the temple courts he found men selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money. 15 So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple area, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. 16 To those who sold doves he said, “Get these out of here! How dare you turn my Father’s house into a market!” 17 His disciples remembered that it is written: “Zeal for your house will consume me.” 18 Then the Jews demanded of him, “What miraculous sign can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?” 19 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.” 20 The Jews replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?” 21 But the temple he had spoken of was his body. 22 After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken. 23 Now while he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many people saw the miraculous signs he was doing and believed in his name. 24 But Jesus would not entrust himself to them, for he knew all men. 25 He did not need man’s testimony about man, for he knew what was in a man.

Jesus first miracle (John used the word “signs” to point to their significance, the miracles were a sign that Jesus was the Messiah) was very private, only the disciples who had already been called (it is possible that Matthew was not there which would explain why this miracle was not recorded in the Synoptic gospels), Jesus mother, and some servants knew. It was enough for the disciples who were present to put their faith in Him.

John 2:1

The third day is probably a reference to three days after the calling of Philip and Nathanael.

John 2:2-3

Wedding feasts often lasted seven days. They took place after the groom had returned for the bride and taken her back to his home or his father’s house.

When the wine runs out, Mary looks to Jesus to see if there is anything He can do. Because verse 11 tells us that this is Jesus first miracle, it is unlikely that Mary was expecting one.

John 2:4-10

If the master of the banquet had seen that the water that had been used came from the purification jars (water which was used for the ceremonial cleansing before and after meals) he, or any other Religious Jew would never have drank from it.

This is a contrast between the old religious way of doing things (rules and regulations) and how Jesus would come and do things.

The fact that this wine was the best (normally the best wine was served first and then the wine that wasn’t so good) is another picture of the message that Jesus was bringing about the Kingdom of God was an advance over the rules and regulations of the Pharisees. God had kept the best until NOW.

John 2:11

John refers to this miracle as a revealing of His glory. In the OT Moses had turned water into blood which was a picture of judgment. Here, at the beginning of Christ’s ministry, water is turned to wine, a picture of the joy He provides by the Spirit. As the Creator, the fermentation process happens over time, in this situation, He just did the transformation immediately, and His ministry would be one of transformation.

John 2:12-17

Jesus cleanses the temple. The synoptic gospels record Jesus cleansing the temple at the end of His ministry. Here John records a cleansing at the beginning of His ministry. The most likely answer is that there were two cleansings. This first cleansing is most likely a fulfillment of Malachi 3:1-3

Malachi 3:1-3 (NIV)
1 “See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,” says the LORD Almighty. 2 But who can endure the day of his coming? Who can stand when he appears? For he will be like a refiner’s fire or a launderer’s soap. 3 He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; he will purify the Levites and refine them like gold and silver. Then the LORD will have men who will bring offerings in righteousness,

In verse 17 the disciples are reminded of Psalm 69:9 which says

Psalms 69:9 (NIV)
9 for zeal for your house consumes me, and the insults of those who insult you fall on me.

John 2:18-22

The authorities want proof of His authority to challenge the existing order, but He answers them by talking about His death and resurrection which they don’t understand. His disciples will connect the dots after the fact.

John 2:23-25

Jesus does other miraculous sings while He was there in Jerusalem during the Passover feast, which John does not describe, but many people believed in His name. These people, believed He was doing miraculous signs from God, but they did not see Him as the Messiah and put their faith in Him the way the disciple had.

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