John Chapter 10

March 31, 2010

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of John. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

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John Chapter 10 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

John 10:1-42 (NIV)
1 “I tell you the truth, the man who does not enter the sheep pen by the gate, but climbs in by some other way, is a thief and a robber. 2 The man who enters by the gate is the shepherd of his sheep. 3 The watchman opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice. He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. 4 When he has brought out all his own, he goes on ahead of them, and his sheep follow him because they know his voice. 5 But they will never follow a stranger; in fact, they will run away from him because they do not recognize a stranger’s voice.” 6 Jesus used this figure of speech, but they did not understand what he was telling them. 7 Therefore Jesus said again, “I tell you the truth, I am the gate for the sheep. 8 All who ever came before me were thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them. 9 I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved. He will come in and go out, and find pasture. 10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full. 11 “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. 12 The hired hand is not the shepherd who owns the sheep. So when he sees the wolf coming, he abandons the sheep and runs away. Then the wolf attacks the flock and scatters it. 13 The man runs away because he is a hired hand and cares nothing for the sheep. 14 “I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me– 15 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father–and I lay down my life for the sheep. 16 I have other sheep that are not of this sheep pen. I must bring them also. They too will listen to my voice, and there shall be one flock and one shepherd. 17 The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life–only to take it up again. 18 No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father.” 19 At these words the Jews were again divided. 20 Many of them said, “He is demon-possessed and raving mad. Why listen to him?” 21 But others said, “These are not the sayings of a man possessed by a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?” 22 Then came the Feast of Dedication at Jerusalem. It was winter, 23 and Jesus was in the temple area walking in Solomon’s Colonnade. 24 The Jews gathered around him, saying, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly.” 25 Jesus answered, “I did tell you, but you do not believe. The miracles I do in my Father’s name speak for me, 26 but you do not believe because you are not my sheep. 27 My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one can snatch them out of my hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all; no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand. 30 I and the Father are one.” 31 Again the Jews picked up stones to stone him, 32 but Jesus said to them, “I have shown you many great miracles from the Father. For which of these do you stone me?” 33 “We are not stoning you for any of these,” replied the Jews, “but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God.” 34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I have said you are gods’? 35 If he called them ‘gods,’ to whom the word of God came–and the Scripture cannot be broken– 36 what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, ‘I am God’s Son’? 37 Do not believe me unless I do what my Father does. 38 But if I do it, even though you do not believe me, believe the miracles, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me, and I in the Father.” 39 Again they tried to seize him, but he escaped their grasp. 40 Then Jesus went back across the Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing in the early days. Here he stayed 41 and many people came to him. They said, “Though John never performed a miraculous sign, all that John said about this man was true.” 42 And in that place many believed in Jesus.

Chapter 10, 11 and 12 all follow a similar pattern. There is a clear presentation by Jesus of who He is which is followed by a rejection from the Pharisees, and a renewed effort by them to kill Jesus.

John 10 uses the illustration of a shepherd and sheep. This was a common OT illustration of the relationship between God and His people.

Psalm 23
A psalm of David.
1 The LORD is my shepherd, I shall not be in want.
2 He makes me lie down in green pastures,
he leads me beside quiet waters,
3 he restores my soul.
He guides me in paths of righteousness
for his name’s sake.
4 Even though I walk
through the valley of the shadow of death, [a]
I will fear no evil,
for you are with me;
your rod and your staff,
they comfort me.
5 You prepare a table before me
in the presence of my enemies.
You anoint my head with oil;
my cup overflows.
6 Surely goodness and love will follow me
all the days of my life,
and I will dwell in the house of the LORD

Shepherd was also an OT term used for spiritual leaders.

Jeremiah 23:1-4
1 “Woe to the shepherds who are destroying and scattering the sheep of my pasture!” declares the LORD. 2 Therefore this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says to the shepherds who tend my people: “Because you have scattered my flock and driven them away and have not bestowed care on them, I will bestow punishment on you for the evil you have done,” declares the LORD. 3 “I myself will gather the remnant of my flock out of all the countries where I have driven them and will bring them back to their pasture, where they will be fruitful and increase in number. 4 I will place shepherds over them who will tend them, and they will no longer be afraid or terrified, nor will any be missing,” declares the LORD.

As Jesus talked about being the Good Shepherd the people would have had these ideas of divine leadership brought to their memories. The contrast was that Jesus was concerned for the people (demonstrated by the grace morality we saw ini the last few chapters of John), while the Jewish leaders were concerned about themselves (demonstrated by the legalistic morality displayed in the last few chapters).

John 10:1-6

In Israel sheep were not herded by dogs or driven from behind they were led by their shepherd. The sheep would know their shepherds voice and would follow him where he led them. He cared for them and led them to food and water.

While some would choose to follow the Pharisees who claimed to speak for Moses, the true sheep would listen to and follow the voice of the Good Shepherd Jesus.

John 10:7-17

Jesus then compares the religious leaders to thieves and robbers who care nothing for the sheep. Jesus would actually lay down His life for the sheep, which is something the religious leaders would never do. They might put their lives on the line for their religious principles, but never for a common ordinary person. They cared about the religious ideals, not about people. You need to see the irony. These leaders were supposed to be teaching people about the love God had for them, and yet the religious leaders only saw them as a tool, not as people of value and worth. Jesus, however, loved the sheep, the sinners, enough to give His life for them.

John 10:18-30

Jesus begins to claim that He is in fact one with God, that He is God.
In verse 24 the religious leaders ask again, “If you are the Christ, tell us plainly”. and when He does in verse 30 “I and the Father are One” the religious leaders want to kill Him because they don’t want to hear the truth.

John 10:31-42

The Pharisees continue to refuse to believe the truth. The Jews accused Jesus of blasphemy because in verse 38 they say “because You, a mere Man, claim to be God.”Jesus response is interesting. He quotes from Psalm 82:6:

6 “I said, ‘You are “gods”;
you are all sons of the Most High.’

Jesus is using this verse to demonstrate, that in Him we have eternal life, we become the sons of God. Peter puts it this way

1 Peter 1:23 (New International Reader’s Version)
23 You have been born again by means of the living word of God. His word lasts forever. You were not born again from a seed that will die. You were born from a seed that can’t die.

The Pharisees had lost touch with God and had lost the concept of what a relationship with God looked like, so they couldn’t imagine that God could care enough for human beings to become a Man in order to bring us to Himself.

But while the Pharisees continued to try to arrest and kill Jesus, many others heard in Jesus the voice of God, and began to believe.

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