Hebrews Chapter 5

December 5, 2013

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on Hebrews. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking here

Hebrews 5:1-14 (NIV)
1 Every high priest is selected from among men and is appointed to represent them in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2 He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he himself is subject to weakness. 3 This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people. 4 No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was. 5 So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of becoming a high priest. But God said to him, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father. 6 And he says in another place, “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.” 7 During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. 8 Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered 9 and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him 10 and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek. 11 We have much to say about this, but it is hard to explain because you are slow to learn. 12 In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God’s word all over again. You need milk, not solid food! 13 Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness. 14 But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.

Hebrews 5:1-6

Jesus is the divinely appointed High Priest.

4 No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was. 5 So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of becoming a high priest. But God said to him, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father. 6 And he says in another place, “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.”

Psalm 2:7 (NIV)
7 I will proclaim the decree of the LORD: He said to me, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father.

Psalm 110:4 (NIV)
4 The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind: “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.”

At the time the book of Hebrews was written, the Romans selected the High Priest in Jerusalem. It was a political appointment. In the Old Testament, God chose Aaron and his descendants to be the high priests.

But what about Melchizedek?

Melchizedek was a high priest and king in Salem (Jerusalem) well before Aaron and his descendants were appointed to the office.

The writer introduces Melchizedek into the letter to demonstrate the superiority of Jesus as the High Priest over the Aaronic priesthood. Melchizedek did not receive his office by birth, but was appointed directly by God. The duration of his office was “unlimited” because scripture makes no reference to when it began or when it ended. Jesus priesthood is superior because it never comes to end. The writers point is that the priesthood of the Messiah is superior because it never comes to end and it is not based on genealogical or political appointments. Jesus came from the tribe of Judah, he was not one of Aaron’s descendants.

Hebrews 5:7-9

These verses connect Jesus humanity with his duties as high priest. The reference to His praying with “loud cries and tears” is about Gethsemane. Jesus prayed to the One who could save Him from death. And God did answer that prayer with the resurrection. Still Jesus experienced the ultimate suffering including dying. Jesus truly does understand human weakness and frailty because He experienced it all.

His willingness to go to the cross and endure all that He did demonstrated His perfect sacrifice for us.

Hebrews 5:12-14

We need to have a spiritual appetite in order to grow spiritually. We talked about this last weekend. We hunger and thirst and are filled, which makes us hungrier and thirstier, which causes us to be more satisfied, which cases us to hunger and thirst….

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