Acts Chapter 26

August 4, 2011

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of Acts. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking here

or you can watch it below:

Acts Chapter 26 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

Acts 26:1-32 (NIV)
1 Then Agrippa said to Paul, “You have permission to speak for yourself.” So Paul motioned with his hand and began his defense: 2 “King Agrippa, I consider myself fortunate to stand before you today as I make my defense against all the accusations of the Jews, 3 and especially so because you are well acquainted with all the Jewish customs and controversies. Therefore, I beg you to listen to me patiently. 4 “The Jews all know the way I have lived ever since I was a child, from the beginning of my life in my own country, and also in Jerusalem. 5 They have known me for a long time and can testify, if they are willing, that according to the strictest sect of our religion, I lived as a Pharisee. 6 And now it is because of my hope in what God has promised our fathers that I am on trial today. 7 This is the promise our twelve tribes are hoping to see fulfilled as they earnestly serve God day and night. O king, it is because of this hope that the Jews are accusing me. 8 Why should any of you consider it incredible that God raises the dead? 9 “I too was convinced that I ought to do all that was possible to oppose the name of Jesus of Nazareth. 10 And that is just what I did in Jerusalem. On the authority of the chief priests I put many of the saints in prison, and when they were put to death, I cast my vote against them. 11 Many a time I went from one synagogue to another to have them punished, and I tried to force them to blaspheme. In my obsession against them, I even went to foreign cities to persecute them. 12 “On one of these journeys I was going to Damascus with the authority and commission of the chief priests. 13 About noon, O king, as I was on the road, I saw a light from heaven, brighter than the sun, blazing around me and my companions. 14 We all fell to the ground, and I heard a voice saying to me in Aramaic, ‘Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me? It is hard for you to kick against the goads.’ 15 “Then I asked, ‘Who are you, Lord?’ “‘I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting,’ the Lord replied. 16 ‘Now get up and stand on your feet. I have appeared to you to appoint you as a servant and as a witness of what you have seen of me and what I will show you. 17 I will rescue you from your own people and from the Gentiles. I am sending you to them 18 to open their eyes and turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.’ 19 “So then, King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the vision from heaven. 20 First to those in Damascus, then to those in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and to the Gentiles also, I preached that they should repent and turn to God and prove their repentance by their deeds. 21 That is why the Jews seized me in the temple courts and tried to kill me. 22 But I have had God’s help to this very day, and so I stand here and testify to small and great alike. I am saying nothing beyond what the prophets and Moses said would happen– 23 that the Christ would suffer and, as the first to rise from the dead, would proclaim light to his own people and to the Gentiles.” 24 At this point Festus interrupted Paul’s defense. “You are out of your mind, Paul!” he shouted. “Your great learning is driving you insane.” 25 “I am not insane, most excellent Festus,” Paul replied. “What I am saying is true and reasonable. 26 The king is familiar with these things, and I can speak freely to him. I am convinced that none of this has escaped his notice, because it was not done in a corner. 27 King Agrippa, do you believe the prophets? I know you do.” 28 Then Agrippa said to Paul, “Do you think that in such a short time you can persuade me to be a Christian?” 29 Paul replied, “Short time or long–I pray God that not only you but all who are listening to me today may become what I am, except for these chains.” 30 The king rose, and with him the governor and Bernice and those sitting with them. 31 They left the room, and while talking with one another, they said, “This man is not doing anything that deserves death or imprisonment.” 32 Agrippa said to Festus, “This man could have been set free if he had not appealed to Caesar.”

Acts 26:1

Since Paul had already presented his defense to Festus, he now speaks to King Agrippa. I like that Paul motions with his hand before he starts. I think he did this, 5 – 2 – 1

Acts 26:2-3

I think Paul is sincere in his remarks about being considered fortunate to speak to King Agrippa, because it is an opportunity to present the gospel to him and all of the people assembled.

Acts 26:4-8

Paul talks about how he has lived his life from childhood in service to God and that he believed in the hope of his ancestors of the resurrection.

Acts 26:9-11

Not only was Paul extremely committed to Judaism, he had been fanatic in his early opposition to Christianity, going as far to doing everything he could to wipe it out.

Acts 26:12-18

Paul tells the story of his conversion on the road to Damascus. This time he includes the statement “kick against the goads” which I think we need to define.

goad (noun)
1. A long stick with a pointed end used for prodding animals.
2. An agent or means of prodding or urging; a stimulus.

Ultimately, “kick against the goads” is a metaphor. Goads were used to prod cattle and livestock forward, and they would frequently kick back at them, only causing themselves more injury. The thought is that Paul has been kicking against God’s “goading,” and God has been trying to urge him to go in a certain direction.

The relation in modern day is that Paul is telling us that people still “kick against the goads” today. There is a way of right life & right belief but we fight it. And in doing so, we aren’t hurting God… we are only hurting ourselves.

Acts 26:19-23

Paul summarizes his ministry and then says that the message he preached was a fulfillment of Old Testament
prophecies concerning the death and resurrection of the Messiah.

Acts 26:24-29

Festus, with his Greek worldview, could not wrap his thinking around the idea of the resurrection and accuses Paul of being out of his mind. Paul affirms that he is completely sane and directs his remarks at King Agrippa. The King, who has a Jewish worldview is more open to the idea and has apparently been listening to Paul very closely. Paul’s question to Agrippa in verse 27 is brilliant.

27 King Agrippa, do you believe the prophets?

Agrippa is in a bit if a corner. If he says yes, then it means that he is agreeing with Paul about who Jesus is. So, he answers with what appears to be kind of a joking rebuttal.

28 Then Agrippa said to Paul, “Do you think that in such a short time you can persuade me to be a Christian?”

Paul takes the answer very seriously, which demonstrates the love he has for people for the Lord’s sake. He says that he prayed that Agrippa and all who were listening to him would become like him ( a Christian), except for these chains.

Acts 26:30-32

Agrippa adds himself to the list of people in authority who said Paul was innocent which already included:

The Pharisees
The commander in Jerusalem – Claudius Lysias
And Governor Festus

So now, Paul will be sent to Rome and we will pick up his very exciting journey next week in Acts 27.

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