Acts Chapter 22

July 7, 2011

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of Acts. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

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Acts Chapter 22 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

Acts 22:1-30 (NIV)
1 “Brothers and fathers, listen now to my defense.” 2 When they heard him speak to them in Aramaic, they became very quiet. Then Paul said: 3 “I am a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in this city. Under Gamaliel I was thoroughly trained in the law of our fathers and was just as zealous for God as any of you are today. 4 I persecuted the followers of this Way to their death, arresting both men and women and throwing them into prison, 5 as also the high priest and all the Council can testify. I even obtained letters from them to their brothers in Damascus, and went there to bring these people as prisoners to Jerusalem to be punished. 6 “About noon as I came near Damascus, suddenly a bright light from heaven flashed around me. 7 I fell to the ground and heard a voice say to me, ‘Saul! Saul! Why do you persecute me?’ 8 “‘Who are you, Lord?’ I asked. “‘I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom you are persecuting,’ he replied. 9 My companions saw the light, but they did not understand the voice of him who was speaking to me. 10 “‘What shall I do, Lord?’ I asked. “‘Get up,’ the Lord said, ‘and go into Damascus. There you will be told all that you have been assigned to do.’ 11 My companions led me by the hand into Damascus, because the brilliance of the light had blinded me. 12 “A man named Ananias came to see me. He was a devout observer of the law and highly respected by all the Jews living there. 13 He stood beside me and said, ‘Brother Saul, receive your sight!’ And at that very moment I was able to see him. 14 “Then he said: ‘The God of our fathers has chosen you to know his will and to see the Righteous One and to hear words from his mouth. 15 You will be his witness to all men of what you have seen and heard. 16 And now what are you waiting for? Get up, be baptized and wash your sins away, calling on his name.’ 17 “When I returned to Jerusalem and was praying at the temple, I fell into a trance 18 and saw the Lord speaking. ‘Quick!’ he said to me. ‘Leave Jerusalem immediately, because they will not accept your testimony about me.’ 19 “‘Lord,’ I replied, ‘these men know that I went from one synagogue to another to imprison and beat those who believe in you. 20 And when the blood of your martyr Stephen was shed, I stood there giving my approval and guarding the clothes of those who were killing him.’ 21 “Then the Lord said to me, ‘Go; I will send you far away to the Gentiles.'” 22 The crowd listened to Paul until he said this. Then they raised their voices and shouted, “Rid the earth of him! He’s not fit to live!” 23 As they were shouting and throwing off their cloaks and flinging dust into the air, 24 the commander ordered Paul to be taken into the barracks. He directed that he be flogged and questioned in order to find out why the people were shouting at him like this. 25 As they stretched him out to flog him, Paul said to the centurion standing there, “Is it legal for you to flog a Roman citizen who hasn’t even been found guilty?” 26 When the centurion heard this, he went to the commander and reported it. “What are you going to do?” he asked. “This man is a Roman citizen.” 27 The commander went to Paul and asked, “Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?” “Yes, I am,” he answered. 28 Then the commander said, “I had to pay a big price for my citizenship.” “But I was born a citizen,” Paul replied. 29 Those who were about to question him withdrew immediately. The commander himself was alarmed when he realized that he had put Paul, a Roman citizen, in chains. 30 The next day, since the commander wanted to find out exactly why Paul was being accused by the Jews, he released him and ordered the chief priests and all the Sanhedrin to assemble. Then he brought Paul and had him stand before them.

Acts 22:1

Paul starts with an interesting choice of words, “Brothers and fathers”. Do you know where he heard that? It is the way that Stephen addresses the crowd that was about to stone him to death in Acts 7:2. Paul was there and these words must have made a significant impact on him.

Acts 22:2

Paul’s ability to speak to the crowd in Aramaic caused the crowd to quiet down to listen.

Acts 22:3-11

Paul’s point in this part of his speech is to let the crowd know that he had been just as zealous for the Law as they were. In fact, he was determined to wipe out Christianity. The only thing that could change this was a radically supernatural transformation.

Acts 22:10-13

Paul recounts the story of his encounter with Jesus on the Damascus road. His blindness, Ananias coming to him, praying for him, and receiving his sight back.

Acts 22:14-16

The reference to seeing Christ, the righteous one, is important because it was connected to Paul’s qualifications as an Apostle.

1 Corinthians 15:7-8 (NIV)
7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, 8 and last of all he appeared to me also, as to one abnormally born.

1 Corinthians 9:1 (NIV)
1 Am I not free? Am I not an apostle? Have I not seen Jesus our Lord? Are you not the result of my work in the Lord?

Acts 22:17-21

Paul talks about the Lord speaking to him , telling him to leave Jerusalem, and commissioning him to go to the gentiles.

Acts 22:22

The crowd was listening until Paul talked about his commission to the gentiles, then they were enraged and started shouting

“Rid the earth of him! He’s not fit to live!”

Their reaction is once again a reminder of the Jewish leaders absolute refusal to accept the gospel of Jesus.

Acts 22:23-24

The people in the crowd threw off their cloaks and flung dust into the air as expressions of their rage. The commander, wanting to get to the bottom of it all, figures flogging Paul is the way to go.

Acts 22:25-27

Paul is able to use his Roman citizenship to avoid the flogging.

Acts 22:28-30

Since the commander still wants to know what the problem is, he decides to take Paul in front of the Sanhedrin and chief priests.

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