Acts Chapter 13

April 28, 2011

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of Acts. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

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Acts Chapter 13 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

Acts 13:1-52 (NIV)
1 In the church at Antioch there were prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen (who had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch) and Saul. 2 While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, “Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.” 3 So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off. 4 The two of them, sent on their way by the Holy Spirit, went down to Seleucia and sailed from there to Cyprus. 5 When they arrived at Salamis, they proclaimed the word of God in the Jewish synagogues. John was with them as their helper. 6 They traveled through the whole island until they came to Paphos. There they met a Jewish sorcerer and false prophet named Bar-Jesus, 7 who was an attendant of the proconsul, Sergius Paulus. The proconsul, an intelligent man, sent for Barnabas and Saul because he wanted to hear the word of God. 8 But Elymas the sorcerer (for that is what his name means) opposed them and tried to turn the proconsul from the faith. 9 Then Saul, who was also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and said, 10 “You are a child of the devil and an enemy of everything that is right! You are full of all kinds of deceit and trickery. Will you never stop perverting the right ways of the Lord? 11 Now the hand of the Lord is against you. You are going to be blind, and for a time you will be unable to see the light of the sun.” Immediately mist and darkness came over him, and he groped about, seeking someone to lead him by the hand. 12 When the proconsul saw what had happened, he believed, for he was amazed at the teaching about the Lord. 13 From Paphos, Paul and his companions sailed to Perga in Pamphylia, where John left them to return to Jerusalem. 14 From Perga they went on to Pisidian Antioch. On the Sabbath they entered the synagogue and sat down. 15 After the reading from the Law and the Prophets, the synagogue rulers sent word to them, saying, “Brothers, if you have a message of encouragement for the people, please speak.” 16 Standing up, Paul motioned with his hand and said: “Men of Israel and you Gentiles who worship God, listen to me! 17 The God of the people of Israel chose our fathers; he made the people prosper during their stay in Egypt, with mighty power he led them out of that country, 18 he endured their conduct for about forty years in the desert, 19 he overthrew seven nations in Canaan and gave their land to his people as their inheritance. 20 All this took about 450 years. “After this, God gave them judges until the time of Samuel the prophet. 21 Then the people asked for a king, and he gave them Saul son of Kish, of the tribe of Benjamin, who ruled forty years. 22 After removing Saul, he made David their king. He testified concerning him: ‘I have found David son of Jesse a man after my own heart; he will do everything I want him to do.’ 23 “From this man’s descendants God has brought to Israel the Savior Jesus, as he promised. 24 Before the coming of Jesus, John preached repentance and baptism to all the people of Israel. 25 As John was completing his work, he said: ‘Who do you think I am? I am not that one. No, but he is coming after me, whose sandals I am not worthy to untie.’ 26 “Brothers, children of Abraham, and you God-fearing Gentiles, it is to us that this message of salvation has been sent. 27 The people of Jerusalem and their rulers did not recognize Jesus, yet in condemning him they fulfilled the words of the prophets that are read every Sabbath. 28 Though they found no proper ground for a death sentence, they asked Pilate to have him executed. 29 When they had carried out all that was written about him, they took him down from the tree and laid him in a tomb. 30 But God raised him from the dead, 31 and for many days he was seen by those who had traveled with him from Galilee to Jerusalem. They are now his witnesses to our people. 32 “We tell you the good news: What God promised our fathers 33 he has fulfilled for us, their children, by raising up Jesus. As it is written in the second Psalm: “‘You are my Son; today I have become your Father’. 34 The fact that God raised him from the dead, never to decay, is stated in these words: “‘I will give you the holy and sure blessings promised to David.’ 35 So it is stated elsewhere: “‘You will not let your Holy One see decay.’ 36 “For when David had served God’s purpose in his own generation, he fell asleep; he was buried with his fathers and his body decayed. 37 But the one whom God raised from the dead did not see decay. 38 “Therefore, my brothers, I want you to know that through Jesus the forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you. 39 Through him everyone who believes is justified from everything you could not be justified from by the law of Moses. 40 Take care that what the prophets have said does not happen to you: 41 “‘Look, you scoffers, wonder and perish, for I am going to do something in your days that you would never believe, even if someone told you.'” 42 As Paul and Barnabas were leaving the synagogue, the people invited them to speak further about these things on the next Sabbath. 43 When the congregation was dismissed, many of the Jews and devout converts to Judaism followed Paul and Barnabas, who talked with them and urged them to continue in the grace of God. 44 On the next Sabbath almost the whole city gathered to hear the word of the Lord. 45 When the Jews saw the crowds, they were filled with jealousy and talked abusively against what Paul was saying. 46 Then Paul and Barnabas answered them boldly: “We had to speak the word of God to you first. Since you reject it and do not consider yourselves worthy of eternal life, we now turn to the Gentiles. 47 For this is what the Lord has commanded us: “‘I have made you a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring salvation to the ends of the earth.'” 48 When the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and honored the word of the Lord; and all who were appointed for eternal life believed. 49 The word of the Lord spread through the whole region. 50 But the Jews incited the God-fearing women of high standing and the leading men of the city. They stirred up persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them from their region. 51 So they shook the dust from their feet in protest against them and went to Iconium. 52 And the disciples were filled with joy and with the Holy Spirit.

Acts 13:1

The church in Antioch now becomes the base for the missionary outreach of the Apostle Paul. Jerusalem was still the mother church, but the missionary church was Antioch. Also, the central figure in the book of Acts is no longer Peter, it is Saul/Paul.

Acts 13:2-3

While the leaders of the church in Antioch were worshiping and fasting, the Holy Spirit directed them to “set apart” Barnabas and Saul for the missionary work. The leaders placed their hands on them and sent them off. The laying on of hands identified the church with their ministry and acknowledged God’s direction for them (like when Ananias’ identifyied himself with Saul by laying hands on him back in Acts 9:17.

Acts 13:4

They were lead by the Holy Spirit to go to Cyprus.

Acts 13:5

Salamis was a large city in the East of Cyprus which had a large Jewish population. Barnabas and Saul begin to preach in the synagogues there. This would be a pattern in the missionary travels, they would first go to the Jews and then to the gentiles. Also, in some of these synagogues there would have been a place set aside for God-fearers, non-Jews who had taken on the law so to speak. They would be a good start for the mission to the gentiles.

Also, John Mark, the write of the book of Mark, and a cousin to Barnabas was with them.

Acts 13:6

Barnabas and Saul have an encounter with a magician. Similar to Peters encounter with a magician.

Acts 13:7

This was a significant encounter because the magician was an attendant of the proconsul, Sergius Paulus. Proconsuls were governors appointed by the Roman senate.

Acts 13:8

The magician tries to turn the proconsul from the faith.

Acts 13:9

At this point Saul, for the first time called Paul, steps in and assumes leadership. From now on they will always be Paul and Barnabas, except when they are in Jerusalem.

Acts 13:10

In Aramaic, Bar-Jesus means “Son of Jesus.” But Paul told him that instead of being a son of Jesus, Elymas was a son of the devil.

Acts 13:11-12

The magician is afflicted with blindness and the proconsul becomes a believer.

From this encounter forward, Paul is now considered the leader, the ministry is much more pointed towards gentiles.

It is also interesting to note that a gentile named Paul believes while a Jew rejects the message.

Acts 13:14-41

Paul preaches an awesome gospel message, similar to the gospel messages that Peter preached.

Acts 13:42-52

Many people are impacted by Paul’s message ad want to hear more. Once again, the jealousy of the Jewish leaders is worked up and they want to stop it.

Paul turns to the gentiles. There ministry is a fulfillment of the prophecy in Isaiah 49:6 “I have made you a light to the Gentiles”.

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