Acts Chapter 1

January 6, 2011

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on the Book of Acts. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

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Acts Chapter 1 from Preaching In Shorts on Vimeo.

Acts 1:1-26 (NIV)
1 In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach 2 until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles he had chosen. 3 After his suffering, he showed himself to these men and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God. 4 On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about. 5 For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.” 6 So when they met together, they asked him, “Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?” 7 He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” 9 After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. 10 They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them. 11 “Men of Galilee,” they said, “why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.” 12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the hill called the Mount of Olives, a Sabbath day’s walk from the city. 13 When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot, and Judas son of James. 14 They all joined together constantly in prayer, along with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers. 15 In those days Peter stood up among the believers (a group numbering about a hundred and twenty) 16 and said, “Brothers, the Scripture had to be fulfilled which the Holy Spirit spoke long ago through the mouth of David concerning Judas, who served as guide for those who arrested Jesus– 17 he was one of our number and shared in this ministry.” 18 (With the reward he got for his wickedness, Judas bought a field; there he fell headlong, his body burst open and all his intestines spilled out. 19 Everyone in Jerusalem heard about this, so they called that field in their language Akeldama, that is, Field of Blood.) 20 “For,” said Peter, “it is written in the book of Psalms, “‘May his place be deserted; let there be no one to dwell in it,’ and, “‘May another take his place of leadership.’ 21 Therefore it is necessary to choose one of the men who have been with us the whole time the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, 22 beginning from John’s baptism to the time when Jesus was taken up from us. For one of these must become a witness with us of his resurrection.” 23 So they proposed two men: Joseph called Barsabbas (also known as Justus) and Matthias. 24 Then they prayed, “Lord, you know everyone’s heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen 25 to take over this apostolic ministry, which Judas left to go where he belongs.” 26 Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles.

Acts 1:1-2

Written to Theophilus, a continuation of the Book of Luke. Luke chronicled the ministry of Jesus while He was here in the flesh, Acts chronicles the actions of the early church as Jesus continues to minister through them.

Acts 1:3-8

Jesus gave many proofs during this post resurrection period that He had risen indeed. The resurrection was proved by touch and sight of many witnesses.

Jesus spent this time discussing the Kingdom of God with His disciples. The Kingdom as we have discussed, is God’s rule and reign. Inaugurated with Jesus first coming, it will be consummated when He returns.

This in between time, that we call the now and not yet is the concept He is trying to get His disciples to understand. They were looking for a conquering King and they got a sacrificial Lamb. When He returns He will set everything right, but until then His disciples were to go and carry on the ministry under the anointing of the Holy Spirit. The Kingdom had come, but not fully. The Kingdom is here but not fully here.

Acts 1:9-11

These verses talk about the Lord’s Ascension but they also point to His return when the Kingdom will be consummated.

The Ascension marks the conclusion of Jesus ministry on earth in bodily form. He is now exalted at the right hand of the Father and His continuing work is in the hands of His disciples.

Acts 1:15-26

While the disciples wait for the coming of the Holy Spirit that Jesus had promised them, they decide to replace Judas.

Peter leads the group into a discussion of the scriptures about the need to replace Judas. There were about 120 people present.

(There were more followers elsewhere as evidenced by

1 Corinthians 15:3-8 (NIV)
3 For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Peter, and then to the Twelve. 6 After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. 7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, 8 and last of all he appeared to me also, as to one abnormally born.

It is important to note that one of the qualifications to fulfill this role was that the replacement had to be a witness of the resurrection. This points to the importance of the resurrection.

Joseph and Matthias are put forward as candidates and Matthias is chosen by drawing lots. This is the last time in the Bible where the drawing of lots is recorded to determine God’s will.

Proverbs 16:33 (NIV)
33 The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the LORD.

We don’t use lots anymore. We just toss a coin!

There has been discussion that the choice of Matthias was not the right one because God intended Paul to be the twelfth Apostle.

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