1 Timothy Chapter 2

July 11, 2013

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on 1 Timothy. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking here

As we said last week, in the letters to Timothy and Titus the main focus is teaching. But this teaching is not just the passing on of information, it is about communicating the truths of what a life in Christ is all about. It is teaching designed to shape beliefs, attitudes, values and behaviors.

1 Timothy 2:1-15 (NIV)
1 I urge, then, first of all, that requests, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving be made for everyone– 2 for kings and all those in authority, that we may live peaceful and quiet lives in all godliness and holiness. 3 This is good, and pleases God our Savior, 4 who wants all men to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth. 5 For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6 who gave himself as a ransom for all men–the testimony given in its proper time. 7 And for this purpose I was appointed a herald and an apostle–I am telling the truth, I am not lying–and a teacher of the true faith to the Gentiles. 8 I want men everywhere to lift up holy hands in prayer, without anger or disputing. 9 I also want women to dress modestly, with decency and propriety, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or expensive clothes, 10 but with good deeds, appropriate for women who profess to worship God. 11 A woman should learn in quietness and full submission. 12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man; she must be silent. 13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve. 14 And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner. 15 But women will be saved through childbearing–if they continue in faith, love and holiness with propriety.

1 Timothy 2:1-4

It is fascinating to realize that God includes us in His plans to bring people into His Kingdom. In these verses we are encouraged to pray for everyone. The word everyone captures the heart of the gospel message.

John 3:16-17 (NIV)
16 “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.

1 Timothy 2:5-7

In our culture, it is widely believed that there are many ways to God. The Christian belief that there is only one way seems to be far too narrow for the culture to digest. Listen to what Jesus says:

John 14:6 (NIV)
6 Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.

The reality is that our sin has separated us from a perfect Holy God. In our own efforts, strength, ideas, philosophies, we cannot bridge the gap. So God did it for us in Christ.

1 Timothy 2:8-15

This passage has been interpreted by some to mean that women should never teach in the assembled church. As we have seen from our previous studies of the New Testament this is not the case. In Acts 18:24-26, we see that Paul’s commended coworker, Priscilla, taught Apollos, the great preacher. In the letter to the Romans Paul frequently mentions numerous women who worked and taught in the church including: Phoebe, Mary, Tryphena, Tryphosa, and Persis. In Philippians Paul talks about Euodia and Syntyche. Paul’s admonition in these verses was prohibiting the Ephesian women from teaching, not all women for all time.

To understand these verses, we must try to bring into context the situation that Paul and Timothy were dealing with. At that time in Ephesus and in their culture, women were not allowed to study. When Paul said that women should “learn quietly and submissively,” he was not trying to hold women back, he was in fact offering them an amazing new opportunity to study and learn the Word of God. In order to do that they would need to listen and learn with an attitude of quietness and composure.

Paul was prohibiting the Ephesian women from teaching because they didn’t have enough knowledge and experience to teach yet. This problem was being magnified by the influence of the false teachers. Without the appropriate biblical knowledge they were more easily swayed by the false teachings.

That is why the verses about Adam and Eve are included in this section. Just as Eve had been deceived in the Garden of Eden, the women in the church were being deceived by false teachers. And just as Adam was supposed to be the one who had learned from God about how they were supposed to live and communicated that to Eve, so the men in the church in Ephesus should be the first to speak and teach, because they had more training.

Just as an aside about verse 14, Paul is not excusing Adam for his part in the Fall. On the contrary, in his letter to the Romans Paul places the primary blame for humanity’s sinful nature on Adam.

Romans 5:12 (NIV)
12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned–

Romans 5:17 (NIV)
17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ.

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