1 Timothy Chapter 1

July 4, 2013

This Preaching in Shorts Bible study is on 1 Timothy. Each chapter is read verse by verse with the major points highlighted and discussed.

You can listen to the study by clicking here

In the letters to Timothy and Titus the main focus is teaching. But this teaching is not just the passing on of information, it is about communicating the truths of what a life in Christ is all about. It is teaching designed to shape beliefs, attitudes, values and behaviors.

Here is a partial list of the things Paul encourages Timothy to teach in this first letter: exposure of false doctrines, myths and genealogies; law; sound doctrine; the glorious Gospel; mercy; truth; dedication; prayer; harmony; marriage and dietary practices; qualifications for leaders; conduct; sayings, truths of the faith; the practice of religion; relationships with fellow Christians; treatment of widows; ways to select elders; contentment; righteousness; faith; love; endurance; hope in God; and doing good.

Christian teaching should impact every aspect of the learner’s life.

1 Timothy 1:1-20 (NIV)
1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the command of God our Savior and of Christ Jesus our hope, 2 To Timothy my true son in the faith: Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord. 3 As I urged you when I went into Macedonia, stay there in Ephesus so that you may command certain men not to teach false doctrines any longer 4 nor to devote themselves to myths and endless genealogies. These promote controversies rather than God’s work–which is by faith. 5 The goal of this command is love, which comes from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith. 6 Some have wandered away from these and turned to meaningless talk. 7 They want to be teachers of the law, but they do not know what they are talking about or what they so confidently affirm. 8 We know that the law is good if one uses it properly. 9 We also know that law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious; for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers, 10 for adulterers and perverts, for slave traders and liars and perjurers–and for whatever else is contrary to the sound doctrine 11 that conforms to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which he entrusted to me. 12 I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who has given me strength, that he considered me faithful, appointing me to his service. 13 Even though I was once a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent man, I was shown mercy because I acted in ignorance and unbelief. 14 The grace of our Lord was poured out on me abundantly, along with the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus. 15 Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners–of whom I am the worst. 16 But for that very reason I was shown mercy so that in me, the worst of sinners, Christ Jesus might display his unlimited patience as an example for those who would believe on him and receive eternal life. 17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen. 18 Timothy, my son, I give you this instruction in keeping with the prophecies once made about you, so that by following them you may fight the good fight, 19 holding on to faith and a good conscience. Some have rejected these and so have shipwrecked their faith. 20 Among them are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have handed over to Satan to be taught not to blaspheme.

1 Timothy 1:1-4

This letter was written to Timothy in A.D. 64 or 65. Timothy is overseeing the church in Ephesus. Paul had first visited Ephesus on his second missionary journey:

Acts 18:19-21 (NIV)
19 They arrived at Ephesus, where Paul left Priscilla and Aquila. He himself went into the synagogue and reasoned with the Jews. 20 When they asked him to spend more time with them, he declined.
21 But as he left, he promised, “I will come back if it is God’s will.” Then he set sail from Ephesus.

On his third missionary journey he had stayed here for three years:

Acts 19:1a (NIV)
1 While Apollos was at Corinth, Paul took the road through the interior and arrived at Ephesus.

It is believed that the church in Ephesus was dealing with the same heretical teaching that had been taught by the false teachers in Colosse. This teaching claimed that to be acceptable to God, a person had to discover certain hidden knowledge and had to worship angels:

Colossians 2:8 (NIV)
8 See to it that no one takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophy, which depends on human tradition and the basic principles of this world rather than on Christ.

Colossians 2:18 (NIV)
18 Do not let anyone who delights in false humility and the worship of angels disqualify you for the prize. Such a person goes into great detail about what he has seen, and his unspiritual mind puffs him up with idle notions.

1 Timothy 1:6-11

The false teachers whipped up all sorts of imaginary ideas and concepts and then devoted their time to speculating on all the various implications the ideas they made up might have, which resulted in taking time away from the one thing that really matters, sharing the Good news of Jesus Christ. We need to be careful not to let anything distract us from our mission of One More. Don’t allow anything to distract you from the Good News of salvation in Jesus Christ which is what it is all about. We should know what the Bible says, apply it to our lives daily, and teach it to others.

1 Timothy 1:12-19

Paul summarizes the Good News in verse 15. Jesus came into the world to save sinners, and no sinner is beyond his saving power. Jesus didn’t come merely to show us how to live better lives or challenge us to be better people. He came to offer us salvation that leads to eternal life.

People often get stuck in the guilt and shame of their past. Paul is a great example of the forgiveness and grace of God. Paul had at one point hunted down and persecuted Christians, but God had forgiven him and used him in mighty ways for the Kingdom of God. No matter how bad your past has been, God can forgive and use you for His kingdom as well.

1 Timothy 1:20

We are not sure who Alexander was, but we do know who Hymenaeus was and it is believed that Alexander was his associate. We find out about Hymenaeus and his error on 2 Timothy 2:17-18:

2 Timothy 2:17-18 (NIV)
17 Their teaching will spread like gangrene. Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus, 18 who have wandered away from the truth. They say that the resurrection has already taken place, and they destroy the faith of some.

Hymenaeus teaching weakened people’s faith by claiming that the resurrection had already occurred. When Paul says that he handed both of these men over to Satan, it means that Paul had removed them from fellowship with the church. This was done in the hopes that the men would see their error and repent so that they could be restored.

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